Election and Removal Procedure of Vice-President of India

The Constitution of India also provides for the election and removal procedure of the Vice-President in the Indian Union.

Election Procedure:

According to the provisions of our Constitution, the Vice-President is indirectly elected.

The Art. 54 of Indian Constitution states that, the Vice President is elected by the members an electoral college consisting of the members of both the Houses (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) of Parliament.

This election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

In this connection, we are to note that the nominated members of both Houses can participate in the elections of the Vice-President of India.

Again, in the elections of the Vice-President, the legislators of the lower House (Legislative Assembly) of the State legislature do not have any role to play.

The Supreme Court of India cannot declare the election of the Vice-President invalid on the ground that the general election of India has not been completed.

Process of removal:

The moral tenure of the Vice-President is five (5) years.

However, before completing his term, the Vice-President may be removed from his office by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by a majority of its members and agreed upon by the Lok Sabha.

Such a resolution requires 14 days notice to be moved in the Rajya Sabha.

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