The Faraizi Movement

Faraizi Movement

The Faraizi Movement was founded by Haji Shariatullah, which became very popular among the Muslim peasantry in various districts of Bengal during the British Rule.

Shariatullah went to Mecca at The age of 18 and there came into contact with the Wahabis. Returning to his country around 1820, he could persuade a number of Muslims about his new realizations about the principle of Islam. Within ten years the Faraizi Movement had spread with extra-ordinary rapidity in the districts of Faridpur, Bakharganj and Mymensingh.

The zamindars were alarmed at the spread of the new creed, which bound the Muslim peasantry together as one man. They offered resistance to a dominantly Zamindar class, the Mahajans and the Indigo planters.

Fariazi Movement under Dudu Miyan

After the death of Shariatullah, his son, Dudu Miyan became the leader of Faraizi Movement. They alleged that all zamindars, either Hindu or Muslim, assume the powers of a judge and fine the guilty person, and in the case of delay to pay the fine, practice every sort of oppression towards them.

Like the Wahabi movement in Barasat, the Faraizi Movement under Dudu Miyan also acquired a radical anti-landlord and anti-planter character. Dudhu Miyan called upon his followers in 1838 not to pay rent and to disobey the dictates of the planters to sow indigo. Indigo factories, mostly belonging to Du