Sayyid Dynasty

Sayyid Dynasty – Fourth dynasty of Delhi Sultanate

The founder of Sayyid Dynasty was Khizr Khan, the governor of Multan and Timur’s deputy in India. Taking advantage of the confusion that prevailed in India after the death of the last Tughlaq monarch, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughlaq, he marched on Delhi and defeated Daulat Khan, the head of the military oligarchy, on May 28, 1414 and occupied the throne for himself.

Khizr Khan laid the founda­tion of a new dynasty of the Sayyids. It was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.

This dynasty had four rulers in all – Khizar Khan, Mubarak, Muhammad Shah, Alam Shah who ruled for 37 years from 1414 to 1451 A.D.

Khizr Khan (1414-21)

Khizr Khan, the founder of the Sayyid dynasty, ruled for seven years (1414-21). But his reign was quite uneventful. The Delhi Sultanate was much reduced in its extent and regular expeditions had to be sent to get the annual tribute even from those areas which lay very near to Delhi.

Mubarak Shah (1421-33)

In 1421 A.D. Khizr Khan was succeeded by his son M