Sarojini Naidu Essay

Essay on Sarojini Naidu

 

 

 

Sarojini Naidu, a poet, and an Indian activist is known for her history-altering deeds related to instilling feminism. She also played an important role in the Indian independence movement. Here you will find a long and short essay on Sarojini Naidu written by the experts students and above. The short and long versions of the essay will provide a foundation to learn how to write an essay on this eminent personality. Follow the format of this Sarojini Naidu essay to score more in the exams.

Long Sarojini Naidu Essay

Born on 13th February 1879, Sarojini Naidu was a Bengali. She was born in Hyderabad to a prosperous family. Since her young age, she showed exceptional skills that made her stand out from the crowd. She had beautiful skills in writing poems. Her marvelous writing skills offered her an opportunity to study in two of the best institutions, Girton College, University of Cambridge, and King’s College in England.

It was her family that instilled progressive thoughts and high values in her mind. She grew up in a very forward environment. This is the reason why she believed in equality and justice for all. With these excellent personality features, she grew up to be one of the best poetesses in India and an ardent political activist.

When the British Government implied the divide and rule policy to curb down the independence movement in Bengal by partitioning the state in 1905, she took it very seriously. She became a political activist and traveled to a lot of places in India to deliver speeches. She wanted to see all the natives of contemporary India unite against the tyranny of British colonial rule. All her speeches and lectures focused on nationalism and social welfare.

She took a step ahead and formed the Women’s Indian Association. This association was formed in 1917. She gathered many women activists like her. After three years, she then joined Mahatma Gandhi in the Satyagraha movement. She then carried her nationalistic deeds under the supervision of Mahatma Gandhi. She also took part in the 1930’s Salt March. The British police arrested the protesters and she was one of them.

She was on the frontline leading the Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement. Many significant nationalists and freedom fighters were present at that time. These two movements shook the pillars of British rule. She continued to fight for the independence of her country. After India got independence, she was appointed as the first governor of the United Provinces. She was also the first female governor of India.

She wrote excellent books on poetry. As mentioned earlier in this Sarojini Naidu essay, she had remarkable poetry skills. When she was in school, she wrote a Persian play named Maher Muneer. It was so good that she got praised by the contemporary Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1905, she published her first poetry collection with the name ‘The Golden Threshold’. She was a remarkable poetess who knew how to write poems for all. She has amazed children with her skills. She also instilled patriotism with her critical poems. Her tragic and comedic poems also have immense significance in Indian literature.

Her poem collection named ‘The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring’ was published in 1912. This book contains the most popular poems she wrote. One of her immortal creations, ‘In the Bazaars of Hyderabad’, she painted a beautiful image of the bazaar just with her words. She wrote many poems in her lifetime. She died on 2n March 1949 due to cardiac arrest in Lucknow. After her death, her daughter published her last book ‘The Feather of The Dawn’ in her memory. Her indomitable spirit to establish women’s rights gave her the name the ‘Nightingale of India’.

Small 150 Words Essay on Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on 13th February 1879 in a Bengali family. Her parents were very progressive and had excellent values. This is what made her highly thoughtful about the nation and its people. She grew up with excellent values in her family. She was a bright child with beautiful poetry skills. She completed her higher studies at Girton College, University of Cambridge, and King’s College in England.

Her poems started to gain popularity. She also used her words to spread patriotism and speak about nationalism in different places in India. She established the Women’s Indian Association and then became a significant part of India’s independence movement. She was the frontline warrior in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Satyagraha Movement. She joined the team of Mahatma Gandhi after Bengal was partitioned into two.

She was the first female governor of the United Provinces of free India. She also established her name as the poetess in the Indian history of literature. Her poem collections painted the picture of contemporary India perfectly. Her determination and fight for women’s rights gave her the name the ‘Nightingale of India’.

 

Summary

Sarojini Naidu, the Nightingale of India, was an Indian political activist and the first to fight for women’s rights. This Sarojini Naidu essay in English tells us about her early life and her fight against British rule.

Sarojini Naidu’s Childhood

Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on February 13, 1879, to Bengali parents Aghorenath Chattopdhyaya and Barad Sundari Devi Chattopadhyay. Her father was the principal of Nizam College in Hyderabad, and her mother was a brilliant poet.

She was the oldest of eight children. Sarojini Naidu graduated from the University of Madras, and the Nizam’s Charitable Trust, established by Mahbub Ali Khan, provided her with the opportunity to study at Girton College in Cambridge.

After finishing her schooling, Sarojini married Pradipati Govindarajulu Naidu. The couple would have five children, one of which, Paidipati Padmaja, would get involved in the independence fight and join the Quit India Movement.

During the American Revolution, She played a Pivotal Role.

Sarojini Naidu became involved in the Indian independence movement when Bengal was partitioned in 1905. Her interactions with figures like Mahatma Gandhi, Gopal Krishna Gokhale (born on May 9, 1866), and Rabindranath Tagore inspired her to fight the British Colonial authority and advocate for social reform.

Between 1915 and 1918, she traveled afterward the length and width of the country giving lectures on social welfare, women’s emancipation, and other topics.

She was instrumental in the foundation of the Women’s Indian Association in 1917. Later that year, she would join her colleague Annie Besant, head of the Home Rule League, in presenting universal suffrage to the Joint Select Committee in London.

Sarojini Naidu participated in the Salt March alongside Mahatma Gandhi and was arrested by British authorities in 1930, along with the other Congress leaders. The arrests spurred Congress to boycott the First Round Table Conference, which was taking place in London. However, after the Gandhi-Irwin Pact in 1931, Sarojini Naidu and other leaders would attend the Second Round Table Conference.

Naidu was a key player in Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement. During that time, she was arrested many times by British police and spent more than 21 months in jail.

Sarojini Naidu was the first governor-general of Uttar Pradesh after India’s independence.

Sarojini Naidu’s Legacies

Sarojini Naidu died on March 2, 1949, as a result of a cardiac arrest. She is still considered as one of independent India’s greatest poets.

Her daughter Padmaja Naidu released ‘Feather of Dawn,’ a collection of poetry she wrote in 1927, in 1961. The ‘Gift of India’ is famous for its patriotism and description of the political climate in 1915 India.

Personal Life

Sarojini Chattopadhyay was born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad. Her parents lived in Brahmangaon Bikrampur, Dhaka, Bengal province (present-day Konoksar village, Louhajang, Munshiganj Bangladesh). Her father was a Bengali Brahmin who served as the principal of Hyderabad College, afterward renamed Nizam College. He received his degree in Science from Edinburgh University. Her mother was a Bengali poet.

She was the eldest of eight children. Her revolutionary brother, Virendranath Chattopadhyay, and another poet, playwright, and actor, Harindranath Chattopadhyay, were both members of the family. Their family was well-known in Hyderabad, not only for running the Nizam College of Hyderabad but also for producing some of the city’s most prominent painters at the time. Being an artist during the British administration of India was considered a perilous job, yet they pursued it regardless because of their progressive principles. Naidu’s inventiveness was encouraged, and she met many intellectuals among the guests at her parents’ home.

Education

In 1891, when she was twelve years old, Naidu completed her matriculation exams to qualify for university studies, gaining the top position. She studied in England from 1895 to 1898, first at King’s College, London, and then at Girton College, Cambridge, on a scholarship from H.E.H. the Nizam’s Charitable Trust. She encountered artists from the Aesthetic and Decadent movements in England. She took a quick trip to Europe.

Marriage

In 1898, Naidu returned to Hyderabad. That same year, she married a surgeon, Govindarajulu Naidu, in an inter-caste marriage that has been described as “groundbreaking and scandalous.” Both of their families approved of their long and happy marriage. They had four kids. Padmaja, their daughter, also joined the Quit India Movement and served in numerous government roles in independent India.

 

 

 

 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What can Sarojini Naidu teach us?

 

She observed the mistreatment of women in governmental and legislative entities. She was a founding member of the Women’s Indian Association (WIA) in 1917, which helped women acquire the right to vote and occupy the legislative office. Sarojini Naidu’s contribution to this great victory for women in India was considerable. Many significant nationalists and freedom fighters were present at that time. These two movements shook the pillars of British rule. She continued to fight for the independence of her country. After India got independence, she was appointed as the first governor of the United Provinces. She was also the first female governor of India.

2. What role did Sarojini Naidu play during the American Revolution?

 

Sarojini Naidu became involved in the Indian independence movement when Bengal was partitioned in 1905. Her interactions with figures like Mahatma Gandhi, Gopal Krishna Gokhale (born on May 9, 1866), and Rabindranath Tagore inspired her to fight the British Colonial authority and advocate for social reform.

 

Between 1915 and 1918, she traveled the length and width of the country giving lectures on social welfare, women’s emancipation, and other topics.

 

She was instrumental in the foundation of the Women’s Indian Association in 1917. Later that year, she would join her colleague Annie Besant, head of the Home Rule League, in presenting universal suffrage to the Joint Select Committee in London.

3. Where can I get helpful study materials for this topic?

 

Everything you need may be found on the IMP app or website. These materials are prepared by experts in the subject, and the information is accurate and dependable. Students will be able to obtain revision notes, important questions, question papers, and much more! There are no fees or costs associated with these study resources. All students need to do is sign in, and then they can download everything they want in pdf format. You may benefit from these free tools, which will undoubtedly help you ace your tests.

4. Why is it necessary to learn essay writing from the NCERT book?

 

NCERT texts are recommended by the CBSE board. These books adhere to the most recent CBSE syllabus. As a result, these books are sufficient for test preparation. It simply discusses things. When it comes to improving your basics, these texts are the finest. It has a plethora of solved examples and activities that aid in a student’s learning. The exam paper will be nearly entirely based on the NCERT textbook. As a result, pupils are recommended to extensively study the NCERT text.

5. Why were Sarojini’s thoughts and ideologies progressive?

 

As per the Sarojini Naidu essay, her ideologies and thoughts were quite progressive because of the values instilled by her parents. Her mother and father were educated and had excellent thoughts related to nationalism, peace, and equality. She gained the same qualities from her parents.

6. What did she do for women’s rights?

 

According to this essay on Sarojini Naidu, she was an ardent follower of nationalism and equality. According to her, everyone has the same right. She actively fought to establish women’s rights and founded the Women’s Indian Association in 1917.

7. Which poem is her best of all the creations?

 

This Sarojini Naidu in English essay suggests that ‘In the Bazaars of Hyderabad’ is the best poem she wrote. Her words explained about the local bazaars like a picture.

 

 

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