Rani Lakshmi Bai Essay

Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai

Rani Lakshmi Bai was an unforgettable warrior in the history of India. She is famous as the Rani of Jhansi or as the renowned Queen of Jhansi. Varanasi is the place she belongs to, popularly called Kashi. It was 1857 when the queen showed her heroism and valour, rising with a rebellion against Britishers. This battle was known as the very first war for Independence. Rani Lakshmi Bai died like a hero at the young age of 29 and was amongst the most contributing characters. 


Rani Lakshmi Bai Essay

Formally known as Manikarnika Tambe, Rani Lakhsmi Bai was the brave daughter of Bhagirathi Tambe and Moropant Tambe. She took birth in 1828, Nov 19th, at Kashi. Rani Lakshmi Bai was a Brahmin girl and got her nickname “Manu” when her father moved to Bithoor, a district in Uttar Pradesh. After her mother’s death, they moved as Moropant Tambe (Rani Lakshmi Bai’s father) worked as an advisor in the court of Peshwa Baji Rao, general and statesman of the Maratha Empire. 


From her childhood days, Manikarnika got all the teaching in martial arts, fencing, horse riding, and shooting. She used to have a good time playing with Rao Sahib, Nana Sahib, Tantia Tope, and other boys who came to Peshwa’s court. Rani Lakshmi Bai had a couple of mares as she was good at horse riding. The two mares were named Sarangi and Pavan.


At the age of fourteen, Manu married Maharaja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar. It was 1842, and he was the emperor of Jhansi. Just after marriage, Queen Jhansi got the name of Lakshmi Bai, as she was Laxmi, the Goddess of money in the Hindu religion. As per Marathas’ customs and tradition, Bai is known as one honorable title to represent the Maharani or Queen. She gave birth to a son in the year 1851, whose name was Damodar

Rao. Unfortunately, the child died within four months of his birth because of chronic illness.


The British Government took an opportunity over the Maharaja’s death, which caused the loss of bloodline heir, and considered occupying Jhansi. Following the incidents, the British East India Company introduced the rule of Doctrine of Lapse. They pointed out that if any princely state comes under any indirect or direct rule of the Company, and the ruler of the state dies without a male legal heir, that is when the East India Company has the right to annex the state. Manikarnika was displeased by this unfairness, and she pleaded in London Court. Quite naturally, since it was the rule already imposed, all her attempts proved futile.


After the petitions went unaccepted by the British Government or the East India Company, war broke out in 1857. It is popularly known as the Mutiny of 1857. The revolt started at Meerut on 10th May. The revolt’s original date was set on 31st May 1857, but people were already emotionally charged, restive, and impatient against the Britishers’ exploitations. Hence, they started the revolution way before.


The Queen of Jhansi fought with impeccable valour and courage. She single-handedly fought with the British army till one of the English horsemen struck her on the rear head, and another severely wounded her breast. Despite being heavily injured, she continued the fight bravely and killed the horsemen. She fell from the horse and collapsed on the ground. Rani Laksmi Bai will always be remembered amongst the bravest fighters in Indian history.


Rani Lakshmi Bai, the Rani of Jhansi, was the first woman warrior in Indian history to be this brave and powerful. She gave her life in the struggle for Swaraj and the liberation of India from British domination. Rani Lakshmi Bai is a shining example of patriotism and pride in one’s country. For many individuals, she is an inspiration and a source of admiration. Her name will forever be imprinted in golden letters in India’s history and in the hearts of all Indians.


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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. On a short note, describe Rani Lakshmi Bai.

There are very few parallels that can be found matching Maharani Laksmi Bai. From her perspective, none of the sacrifices can be defined in clear language when it comes to the defense of the motherland. If there had been more warriors with the same courage, fighting along with her, India would have gained Independence long before 1947. She was one of the bravest, and thus, Rani Lakshmi Bai became a national symbol of pride and patriotism. She was truly an inspiration for others who joined the war in their later years.

2. Express the Mutiny of 1857 in your own words.

Apart from Jhansi, Dalhousie from the East India Company annexed other states on the pretext of the Doctrine of lapse. The countrywide revolt began on May 31, 1857, and it spread like wildfire. In Jhansi, the revolt began on June 4, 1857, when Rani Lakhsmi Bai seized the Company’s magazines and treasury. The command of the revolutionary forces was taken by Manikarnika on 7th June 1857 and took the fort. A huge force led by Sir Hugh Rose was sent to Jhansi for recapturing. The terrible battle struck almost for a week, and the Queen of Jhansi stood well against the Britishers.

3. Explain the early life of Rani Lakshmi Bai.

Rani Lakshmi Bai, also known as Manikarnika Tambe, was born in a Brahmin family on 19th November 1828. Her father and mother were Moropant Tambe and Bhagirathi Tambe. The Queen of Jhansi grew up with proper military exposure under Tantia Tope and Nana Sahib. She is also popularly known as Manu among the Marathas. Varanasi is the place where she was born. However, she had to move to Bithoor district in Uttar Pradesh when her mother died, and the father was employed as a military advisor in the court of Peshwa Baji Rao.

Lakshmi Bai had an unusual childhood for a Brahman girl, growing up in the family of Peshwa (ruler) Baji Rao II. The early life of Rani Lakshmi bai was very simple, down to earth, and full of bravery. She never feared to speak for her rights and she fought for the rights of others. Many people used to follow in her footsteps and were inspired by her actions. In today’s time also, everyone knows her as the queen of bravery and courage.

4. Why is Rani Laxmi Bai famous?

Rani Lakshmi Bai is known as a brave freedom fighter. She is known for her courage and bravery during the 1857 revolt against Britishers. Rani Lakshmi Bai was the first woman freedom fighter who stood for her rights and fought for India’s freedom. She is an icon known for her bravery. The warrior queen of Jhansi, Rani Lakshmi Bai fought with the Britishers and helped many Indians. She is famous as a good ruler, intelligent communicator, and defender of the faith. 

A queen of India who rose to prominence as a military leader during the British-led war of independence in 1857, she became rani (queen) and her name was changed to Laksmi Bai when she married Gangadhar, the raja (ruler) of Jhansi in 1842.

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