Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Essay

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the most famous freedom fighters and the first Prime Minister of independent India. Since he was such an important and inspirational figure for the country, children are taught about his personality and contributions. They are often asked to write a few lines about Jawaharlal Nehru in the form of a short note or Jawaharlal Nehru essay. Here are some lines on Jawaharlal Nehru in the form of a long and a short Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru Essay is given. 

The paragraph on Jawaharlal Nehru will be helpful for the students not only in writing Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru essay in English but also for writing Pandit Jawaharlal par Nibandh in Hindi.

Long Jawaharlal Nehru Essay in English 

India has been the home to many great freedom fighters and world leaders. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is one among them. He was born on 14th November 1889 at Allahabad, officially known as Prayagraj. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a famous barrister. In the initial years, Jawaharlal Nehru had his primary education at home. He was then sent to England for high school studies. He completed his graduation in Law from Trinity College in Cambridge and became a barrister at the Inner Temple in London. He then returned to India as he was passionate about the Indian freedom struggle.

In the fight for Indian independence, he was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. Under his guidance, Jawaharlal Nehru took an active part in the freedom struggle following the path of truth and non-violence. Due to this, he was sent to jail many times. During his one of the jail periods, he wrote the book, ‘The Discovery of India’. He also wrote a series of letters to his daughter, Indira, telling her about the rich social and cultural heritage of India and the importance of the freedom struggle. He played a very active role in the struggle for independence with Congress. He was made the president of the Indian National Congress in 1929. Under him, Congress took the pledge of complete independence from British rule. This was known as the Poorna Swaraj declaration and was officially acknowledged on 26th November 1930. This day is celebrated as ‘The Republic Day in India when India officially adopted its constitution.

After the independence of India on 15th August 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India. Under his astute leadership and global vision, India achieved progress, prosperity, and respect on the international stage. He laid the foundation of democracy in India. He exemplified his belief in democracy at an international level by adopting the Non-Aligned Policy as part of India’s foreign policy. This made India the pioneer of the Non-Aligned Movement in the world. He believed in peaceful co-existence and therefore he signed the Panchsheel Agreement between India and China in 1961. He was a great supporter of disarmament and worked hard to create an international order of peace and brotherhood. Following the path defined by Buddha, Christ, and Nanak, he led India, the largest democracy in the world, to a position of respect in the world. 

He died on 27th May 1964. He left behind the rich heritage of planning and development. He created a network of educational, technical, and medical institutions. One of the best examples is the establishment of a chain of the Indian Institute of Technology and the Indian Institute of Management. He left a legacy of large industrial, agricultural, irrigation, and power projects. Projects such as setting up steel plants, construction of dams, and establishing power plants led India to the path of technological and infrastructural development.

His contributions have been noteworthy in all fields. Because of this, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru came to be known as ‘The Architect of Modern India’. He was one of the few men who made a great impact on the country and the world. Being a favorite amongst the children and popularly known as ‘Chacha Nehru’, his birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He is and will be known for being a visionary and his beliefs for the unity of the country and the liberty of mankind.


Short Jawaharlal Nehru Essay in English

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister when India achieved independence on 15th August 1947. He was born on 14th November 1889 at Allahabad (which is now known as Prayagraj). Because he shared a fond relationship with children his birthday is celebrated as ‘Children’s Day in India. This is also the reason why he was famously known as ‘Chacha Nehru’. He was the son of a famous barrister Motilal Nehru and his wife Swaroop Rani. 

He went for his high school studies in London. He finished his graduation in Law from Trinity College, Cambridge, and practiced law at Inner Temple in London. He came to India to fight for Indian Independence. Under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, he worked for independence with the Indian National Congress.

When he was in jail from 1942 to 1946 he wrote, ‘The Discovery of India’. His inaugural speech as the first Prime Minister of independent India, ‘Tryst with Destiny’, is widely popular. His vision established several prominent educational, technological, and medical institutions. His contributions to diverse fields such as industrial, agricultural, projects, and foreign policies put India in a respectable position on the world map.


Timeline of  Jawaharlal Nehru’s Life

  • Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14  November 1889 in Allahabad (Now officially named as Prayagraj). His father was Motilal Nehru and his mother was Swaroop Rani, both belong to the Kashmiri pandit community.

  • In 1905, he started his institutional schooling at Harrow, (a leading school in England), with the nickname of Joe.

  • In October 1907, he went to Trinity College, Cambridge, to pursue the course on an honors degree in natural science.

  • After his degree was completed in 1910, he started studying law at the Inner Temple Inn.

  • In the year 1912, he returned to India and tried to settle down as a barrister like his father.

  • Within months of returning to India, he attended the annual session of the Indian National Congress in Patna and from there started playing his part as a Freedom fighter.

  • He married Kamala Kaul in 1916 and had a daughter named Indra in 1917.

  • At the time of the non-cooperation movement in 1920, he made his first big involvement in national politics. And also had to go to jail many times due to their involvement in such activities.

  • He also internationalized the Indian Freedom struggle and sought foreign allies for India. He forged links with others movements for independence and democracy. His efforts paid off in the year 1927 when Congress was invited to the congress of oppressed nationalities in Brussels, Belgium

  • From the year 1939, At the start of World War 2, Congress under Nehru decided to help the British but on the fulfillment of certain conditions, one of which was the assurance of complete independence of India after the war and right to frame a new constitution, but the British didn’t agree.

  • After the war, India somehow got Independence from the British, but sadly India was divided into two nations, Pakistan and modern-day India. And Nehru was elected as the Prime minister of this nation.

  • He led the country with his modern thinking and worked on the modernization of the Hindu religion.

  • At last, he died on 27th May, in 1962 due to a cardiac arrest.



This essay on Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru will be beneficial to the students for both English and Hindi language. This simple Jawaharlal Nehru essay can be easily translated into Hindi helping the students to write ‘Jawaharlal Nehru par Nibandh’ in Hindi.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru?

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian freedom fighter and later the first Prime Minister of independent India. He belonged to a family of Kashmiri pandits and was the son of Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani. Under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, he fought for the complete independence of India from British rule along with many other freedom fighters. 

2. Who was the First Prime Minister of India?

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. He was a very active freedom fighter and fought for the independence of India against British rule. He was a member of the Indian National Congress and actively participated in the struggle for independence under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi. 

3. How was Jawaharlal Nehru’s life as a leader and the prime minister of India?

Most Noteworthy, Jawaharlal Nehru was elected to be the first Prime Minister of Free India. He was considered a man of great thinking and modern thinking. He worked day and night for the betterment of the country and was also given the slogan Aaram Haram Hai. 


As PM, he wanted India to go in a forward direction in a scientific and modern way, despite the cultural and religious differences that existed in India in the past. The biggest achievement of Nehru as a PM will be the modernization of the Hindu religion. He helped a lot to change the Hindu cultures and practices. And by doing so, he made Hinduism a modern religion. Due to his changes, women were given equal rights as men.

4. Discuss the early life of Jawaharlal Nehru?

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad, now known as Prayagraj at the house of their father – Motilal Nehru, and Mother – Swaroop Rani. Nehru writes about his early life as a sheltered and uneventful one in his autobiography. His father was a self-made wealthy barrister and belongs to the Kashmiri Pandit community. Hence, he grew up in an atmosphere of privilege in a wealthy home. In his youth, he started developing nationalist feelings and became an ardent nationalist. He was amused by the idea of Indian freedom and Asiatic freedom from the thraldom of Europe.

5. What was in his inaugural speech as the Prime Minister of independent India Tryst with Destiny?

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, after becoming the PM of the Independent state of India, gave his inaugural speech at midnight on the eve of India’s independence (on 15 August 1947), which became quite famous and named Tryst with Destiny. This speech is considered the best speech of the 20th century. It fits well with that special day and captures the essence of the last day of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule in India.

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