India’s Cotton Textile Industry: Its Importance And Distribution.

The importance and distribution of India's cotton textile industry is explained.

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Importance:

  • More than 35 million people are employed in mills, power looms, and hand looms.
  • Indirectly, millions of people earn their living from cotton production, processing trade, and garments, as well as from textile machinery.
  • It is the second most important source of employment in the country after agriculture.
  • The export of cotton textiles is responsible for 17 percent of our total export earnings.

Distribution of cotton textile industries:

  • Maharashtra: Produces more cotton textiles than any other state in India. It produces 39.38 percent mill cloth and 1079 percent yam of India. It has 169 mills – these are located in Mumbai, Pune, Sangli, Nagpur, Sholapur etc. It is known as the Manchester of India and the Cotton Police of India.
  • Gujarath: It is the country’s second largest cotton producer. Ahmadabad, Baroda, Rajkot, Bhuvaneger, Surat, etc., are home to 120 cotton mills.
  • Tamilnadu: It has the most textile industries in the country. There are approximately 893 mills throughout the state, including in Coimbatore, Madurai, Salem, and Tirpur. With 323 cotton mills, Coimbatore is the most important center. It is known as the Manchester of South India.
  • Karnataka: The cotton textile industry in Karnataka is centered in Davanagere, Hubli, Bellary, Gokak, Mysore, Bengaluru, etc. Davanagere is the chief center for cotton textiles in the state.
  • Uttar Pradesh : Cotton mills are the main industry in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. Other important centers include Agra, Bareily, Aligarh, Moradabad, and Varanasi.
  • Madhya Pradesh: The state has 52 cotton textile factories. They are located in Indore, Gwalior, Ujjain, Bhopal, and Jabalpur.
  • West Bengal: The industries are largely found in Kolkata Howrah.
  • Others : In Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh etc.
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