Gupta Empire (Gupta Dynasty Kings)
It was in 320 A.D. when the Gupta Dynasty came to prominence, a new era of imperial unity started again. The period which intervened between the fall of the Kushanas and the rise of the Gupta Empire is called ‘Dark Age’ in Indian history.
Origin of the Guptas
Not much is known about the origin of the Guptas, but we know that by 3rd century A.D. Srigupta had brought Magadha under his control. He was succeeded by his son Ghatotkachagupta. Neither the father nor the son seemed to have possessed any considerable power.
But with Chandragupta I, the son of Ghatotkachagupta, began a new epoch in the history of the family. He was the real founder of the Gupta dynasty.
Chandragupta I (320-335)
Chandragupta I ascended the throne in 320 A.D. He assumed the title of Maharajadhiraj and started a new era known as the Gupta era which dates from 320 A.D. From the available sources we learn that he came to prominence after marrying Kumardevi, a Princess of the powerful Lichchavi clan. According to Dr. Goyal, the Lichchavi marriage obtained for Chandragupta I the possession of valuable iron, copper and coal mines of south Bihar. This enabled the Guptas to become the greatest power in northern India. Chandragupta I extended his rule over Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
King Chandragupta I was undoubtedly the first great monarch of the Gupta dynasty