Climate Change Essay | Essay on Climate Change for Students and Children in English

Climate Change Essay: Climate change refers to a statistically significant variation in the climate’s general state or in its variability, persisting for an extended period, typically decades or longer.

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Long and Short Essays on Climate Change for Kids and Students in English

Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the topic of ‘Climate Change’ in both long and short form. The first essay is a long essay on Climate Change of 400-500 words. This long essay about Climate Change is suitable for students of classes 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on Climate Change of 150-200 words, and these are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.

Long Essay on Climate Change 500 Words in English

Below we have given a long essay on Climate Change of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.

Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external factors, due to persistent changes in the composition of the atmosphere, or in land use brought by humans. Short-term fluctuations like El Nino, represent variation in climate for short temporary periods. On a longer time scale, changes in ocean heat circulation patterns may result in a more substantial impact on climate. Variations in Earth’s orbit lead to differences in the distribution of sunlight reaching the Earth in different seasons and at different places on Earth. The solar intensity is also known to affect global climate.

Volcanic eruptions are also considered to be significant in affecting Earth’s climate, especially those which emit large quantities of SO2 into the stratosphere. This is due to the optical properties of SO2 and sulphate aerosols, and they absorb or scatter solar radiation, creating a haze of sulphuric acid. Other than volcanoes, the movement of tectonic plates affects the global and local patterns of climate.

Anthropogenic factors relate to human activities, including burning fossil fuels, ozone depleting causes, and deforestation. Due to industrialisation and urbanisation, the global atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide has increased to 393.69 parts per million (ppm). These could lead to impact on freshwater availability, oceanic acidification, food production, flooding of coastal areas and an increased number of water-borne diseases associated with extreme weather events.

Glaciers are one of the most sensitive indicators of climate change. Their size is determined by the input of snow and their melting output. Due to rising global temperatures, their size shrinks, leading to an escalation of sea levels. The ice on Arctic ocean is also melting rapidly, which is another proof of climate change.

Due to climate change, the distribution and density of vegetation may also be affected. The increase in temperature will lead to the early onset of flowering and fruiting, which will affect the life cycles of animals dependent on them. One example is the destruction of rain forests of Europe and America, 300 million years ago, and these forests fragmented into isolated ‘islands’, leading to the extinction of many plant and animal species.

India is facing the challenge of sustaining its rapid economic growth while dealing with the global threat of climate change. This threat emanates from accumulated greenhouse gas emissions generated through long-term industrial growth and high consumption lifestyles. Today, India is among the world’s top 10 emitters of Greenhouse Gases (GHG). However, it is in India’s interest to ensure that the world moves towards a low carbon future. With changes in key climate variables, namely temperature, precipitation and humidity, crucial sectors like agriculture and rural development are likely to be affected in a major way. As a developing country, India is closely tied to natural resources and agriculture, and water and f