Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

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Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Canis lupus

Last updated: April 1, 2022
Verified by: IMP
Image Credit Vera Zinkova/

They are closely related to the Bernese Mountain Dog.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Scientific Classification

Scientific Name
Canis lupus

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Conservation Status

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Locations

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Locations

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Facts

Fun Fact
They are closely related to the Bernese Mountain Dog.
Common Name
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Protective and gentle by nature!

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Physical Characteristics

Skin Type
12 years
59kg (130lbs)

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Greater Swiss Mountain Dog as a Pet:

General Health
Energy Level
Tendency to Chew
Family and kid friendliness
Yappiness / Barking
Separation Anxiety
Preferred Temperature
Cold climate
Exercise Needs
Friendly With Other Dogs
Pure bred cost to own
$1,500 to $2,300
Dog group
Male weight
105-140 lbs
Female weight
85-110 lbs

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Being a strong draft breed, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is powerful and large in size.

These dogs are covered in double coats, featuring an undercoat that is thick and an outer coat that is dense. The coat is about 1-1.5 inches long. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is incredibly animated, showing exactly how they feel in their facial expression and smile. Though it is easy to purchase a purebred puppy, many of these dogs are found in rescue shelters across the country.

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3 Pros and Cons of Owning a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Much like all other dogs and pets in general, the dog also has some pros and cons. When adopting this breed, consider the following pros and cons to decide if this dog would be a suitable match for you.

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Pros! Cons!
Robust and powerful: This dog is robust and powerful. They are incredibly agile, which can make for a great defensive role in the household. Huge build: Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are huge in size. If you live in an apartment or a small home, this pup may require more space.
Easy-care coat: Despite the double coat of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, their grooming is relatively easy. They won’t require any intricate styling or brushing, though regular grooming is recommended to avoid excessive shedding. Aggressive: Though loyal to their owners, these dogs are generally aggressive towards strangers or any animal that challenges them.
Vigilant watchdogs: Are you looking for a dog who can be the perfect watchdog for you? The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is vigilant and smart, always looking out for danger. Excessive barking: The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog barks a lot. If you want a small and quiet pet, this breed may not be the right option.
great swiss mountain dog on the beach

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Size and Weight

These dogs are usually large and bulky. The female is usually 23.5 to 27 inches long, reaching a weight of anywhere from 85 to 110 pounds. Meanwhile, the males are a little larger, measuring about 25.5 to 28.5 inches in length and 105 to 140 pounds in weight.

Height (Male) 25.5 to 28.5 inches tall
Height (Female) 23.5 to 27 inches tall
Weight (male) 85 to 110 lbs., fully grown
Weight (female) 105 to 140 lbs., fully grown

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Common Health Issues

These dogs are, like all the other living creatures, prone to a number of health issues. Many of the health concerns associated with this dog are related to their large size, genetics, and other factors.

Perhaps one of the most common ailments of the dog is dysplasia in the hips and elbows. Dysplasia is the abnormal growth in these joints, which causes limping and pain. Their bones are at an elevated risk of damage, which is only proven by their predisposition to orthopedic problems like panosteitis and osteochondritis dissecans.

Panosteitis is also called Shifting Leg Lameness or Pano, and it happens spontaneously. This dog grows quickly, which is part of the reason that they have a higher risk. The dog will end up with inflammation in their long bones on the legs, which can prevent them from moving around. It can happen in dogs as young as two months old.

Health and Entertainment for your Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

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Osteochondritis dissecans has to be diagnosed with radiography, as it is nearly impossible to diagnose with symptoms. This condition essentially means that there’s improper development in the cartilage, and there’s the possibility of cracks and fissures. Some research suggests that breeders are trying to eliminate this condition from the breed’s genetic makeup.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog can also suffer from eye diseases, gastric torsion (a twist in the gut), epilepsy (seizures in the brain), and urinary incontinence. Interestingly, female dogs are more prone to the latter than males.

Some of the problems that these dogs are prone to are:

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Eye diseases
  • Panosteitis
  • Osteochondritis
  • Gastric Torsion
  • Epilepsy
  • Urinary incontinence

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Temperament

These dogs, if properly trained, usually have a calm temperament. They are loyal and devoted to their owner families. However, maturity comes slow to these dogs and therefore it can often be tiring to deal with a large-sized puppy. Another dog that has this slow maturation is the Saint Bernard.

When these dogs are small puppies, they are very active. However, sometimes, they can get very mouthy, tending to nip at little children when they run and chase them.

The Greater Swiss mountain dogs are usually eager to please. As long as they are not provoked, this breed is excellent with the children of the family, thanks to their sweet and easy-going nature. These dogs tend to be very cautious and protective of the home. Luckily, this astute attention to their surroundings allows them to show their courageous side as a great watchdog.

How to Take Care of a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Before you get your hands on a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (as a puppy or adult), you need to make sure that you are prepared for the task ahead of you. Here are a few things that you would want and need to keep in mind before adopting a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog as a pet.

The Best Dog Food for Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs

On a daily basis, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog needs about four to five cups of high-quality dry dog food. Rather than allowing the pup to continually have access to food that they can graze on through the day, most experts advise to divide this into two separate meals for the dog.

Puppies are a different story. The puppies in this breed will need to have their food broken into 3 to 4 smaller meals in a day. The younger ones tend to have smaller stomachs, making smaller meals easier for them to digest.

A-Z Animals feels the best dog food for Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs is Purina Pro Plan Large Breed Adult Dry Dog Food Chicken with Shreds.

The high-protein formula is intended to nourish large dogs and their outsized nutritional needs. It’s made without artificial colors and flavors, so instead you’ll find chicken, beef ingredients, plus fish, a source of glucosamine for stable joints. You’ll also be relieved to find calcium phosphate to build and maintain strong bones. The rice adds natural fiber to the probiotics for easy digestion.

Consider adding Purina Pro Plan Large Breed dog food to your amazon cart.

Purina Pro Plan Joint Health Large Breed Dog Food, Shredded Blend Chicken & Rice Formula – 34 lb. Bag

  • One (1) 34 lb. Bag – Purina Pro Plan Joint Health Large Breed Dog Food, Shredded Blend Chicken & Rice Formula
  • Crunchy kibble combined with tender, shredded pieces for taste and texture dogs love. High protein formula, with real chicken as the first ingredient
  • Fortified with guaranteed live probiotics for digestive and immune health. Used to be known as SAVOR Shredded Blend Large Breed Formula
  • Glucosamine and EPA, an omega-3 fatty acid, for joint health and mobility. High level of protein, combined with proper exercise, helps promote muscle conditioning
  • Natural prebiotic fiber nourishes specific intestinal bacteria for digestive health. 26 percent protein and 12 percent fat to maintain an ideal weight and body condition

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Maintenance and Grooming

These dogs have double coats – one is thick, and one is dense. Brush it weekly to remove dead coat hair, but this brushing is rather easy and relaxing for you and your dog alike.

While these dogs do not drool as other breeds do, they shed a lot. In fact, they have so much fur that they shedding heavily during spring and fall months is fairly common, even with the more moderate temperatures. A shedding blade is incredibly useful to keep on hand (if you intend to do the grooming yourself).

Nail care is equally important. This dog’s nails can grow quickly, so you should trim their nails every week or two. Teeth should be brushed daily to maintain the health of the mouth and to prevent decay. Many products on the market make this part of their care easy, like treats that break down plaque.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Training

While you can’t keep pushing your dog to train, these dogs shouldn’t be too resistant to it. They are willing to learn for the sake of pleasing their owner, so the best approach will be a training routine that comes with plenty of praise and positive reinforcement. This training will mean the difference between a disruptive dog and a housebroken, obedient dog.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Exercise

These dogs require a moderate amount of exercise each day, so a home with a yard is their best friend. Even with outdoor exposure, it is best to bring this dog out on a long walk once or twice a day to get their body moving. Exercise is also an excellent way to reduce the risk of obesity, which can occur in dogs that don’t get enough physical activity or balance in their diet.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Puppies

Bringing up and taking care of a puppy is similar to that of taking care of an adult. However, instead of two large meals, you would need to break their meals into at least three to four smaller meals so that the puppies could adjust easily and digest the food properly in their smaller stomachs.

greater swiss mountain dog puppy


Greater Swiss Mountain Dog and Children

These dogs are great around children, maintaining a friendly personality that is devoted and loving towards their companions. They make great playmates, and they naturally take on the role of a careful and vigilant watchdog around the family. They will be extremely cautious to newcomers in the home, protecting their loved ones as needed. With the right training, this pup would be proud to defend their home.

Dogs Similar to Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs

Here are some dogs that are similar to these dogs:

Famous Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs

Several famous celebrities own these dogs, like Sarah Michelle Gellar (of the Buffy the Vampire Slayer franchise and the Scooby Doo films).

These dogs have also been featured in a YouTube film called Pearl.

Here are some of the popular names for these dogs:

  • Moose
  • Bear
  • Bella
  • Charlie
  • Luna

Last update on 2022-07-06 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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What’s the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?






If you have kids or existing dogs select:

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How important is health?
Which dog groups do you like?
How much exercise should your dog require?
What climate?
How much seperation anxiety?
How much yappiness/barking?

How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.

I want a cuddle buddy!

About average energy.

I want a dog that I have to chase after constantly!

All energy levels are great — I just love dogs!

How much should they shed?
How trainable/obedient does the dog need to be?
How intelligent does the dog need to be?
How much chewing will allow?
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AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and — of course — pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.

What Kingdom do Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to the Kingdom Animalia.

What class do Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to the class Mammalia.

What phylum to Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to the phylum Chordata.

What family do Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to the family Canidae.

What order do Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to the order Carnivora.

What type of covering do Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs have?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are covered in Hair.

What genus do Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs belong to the genus Canis.

What is an interesting fact about Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs?

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are protective and gentle by nature!

How much does Greater Swiss mountain dog cost to own?

They cost around $1,500 to $2,300. You could expect an additional price of about $2,000 annually to keep up with its maintenance and grooming.

Is Greater Swiss mountain dog good with kids?

Yes, these dogs are great with kids. They make good playmates and vigilant watchdogs.

How long does the Greater Swiss mountain dog live?

The Greater Swiss mountain dogs usually live for about 10 to 11 years.

What is the difference between a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog and a Bernese Mountain Dog?

The Bernese mountain dog has a thicker coat than the Greater Swiss mountain dog and requires more grooming. Bernese mountain dogs also shed more than Greater Swiss mountain dogs.

Are Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs good pets?

They are friendly and very devoted to the owner’s families and make good family pets.

Do Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs shed a lot?

The shed heavily during the Spring and fall season.

How much does a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog puppy cost?

The price would be somewhere around $1500 to $2300.

What is the scientific name for the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog?

The scientific name for the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is Canis lupus.

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